Video courtesy of Visit Czech Republic Tourism
The Czech Republic is made up of two provinces, Bohemia and Moravia. Bohemia is home to numerous castles built by a succession of rulers and noble families that have taken up residence there. Moravia is a beautiful province located to the east of Bohemia covered with rolling hills and colourful villages. Today, the Czech Republic is at the heart of Europe with a charged atmosphere of optimism for the future, making it one of the most popular and loved destinations in Europe.
The Old Town Hall with the famous Prague Astronomical Clock. The winding lanes of the Jewish Quarter, which you know from the novels of Franz Kafka, steeped in the legend of the Golem. Cafes enticing you to come and have a seat, boutiques and sight-seeing cruises on the Vltava. The Gothic Charles Bridge and Church of St. Nicholas in the Lesser Town, the most beautiful Baroque church in Prague. The Palace Gardens set away from the bustle of the city, Petřín with a lookout tower reminiscent of a small Eiffel Tower and Prague Castle … Each of Prague’s districts has its own characteristic atmosphere and unique charm. Prague presents itself to you as a changeable city, which likes to alternate styles: it is romantic and successful, ancient and modern, but above all it is a city that is cosmopolitan through and through, and is used to welcoming foreigners. It is time to get acquainted.
A region where splendid castles and chateaux await you, the valleys of several rivers, mining museums, silver mines and enchanting countryside!
Even the furthest corners of Central Bohemia are a mere hour’s journey from Prague. In sight of Prague, a varied region spreads out, in which rivers wind through deep valleys, bordered by deep forests. What should you definitely see? Two of the most popular destinations are the castle of Emperor Charles IV Karlštejn and Kutná Hora, a town that is listed as a UNESCO monument. Get acquainted with the last of the Habsburgs at Konopiště Chateau and wander through several types of maze and labyrinth in the park around Loučeň Chateau.
Do you like mysterious rock cities and table mountains? You will get your fill of them here. By the way, the Adršpach rock city is one of the most famous ones in the Czech Republic. Military monuments constitute a rarity here, for example the Josefov Fort or locations commemorating the Battle of Hradec Králové in 1866. The most important event is the famous Velká pardubická Steeplechase. It is also worth visiting the wonderful Renaissance Litomyšl Chateau, which is listed as a UNESCO monument, and also the Baroque complex at Kuks.
Anybody who likes beer will fall in love with Plzeň. If you visit the city, you must especially make sure to visit the Brewery Museum and the Pilsner Urquell Brewery! West Bohemia has also been famous for centuries thanks to its spa towns. You can get into shape in Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně and Františkovy Lázně thanks to their therapeutic and wellness programmes! Indulge yourself in a walk along the colonnades, drinking and bathing in the thermal waters, and in any other pleasure which comes to mind!
South Bohemia is a dream paradise for holidays whether you decide to spend time sightseeing or relaxing. The countryside here offers endless possibilities for visiting places of natural beauty, but also has lots of historical monuments and great conditions for cycling and water sports. Include some charming historical cities into your programme, the most charming of which are Český Krumlov and the village of Holašovice; both places have been listed as UNESCO monuments! A great tip for romance is the neo-Gothic Hluboká Chateau, fans of sports and active holidaying are catered for at the Lipno Reservoir.
The main tourist attractions in Bohemian Switzerland include the Pravčice Gate or boat trips through the gorges of the Kamenice River. You will also find lookout towers here, attractive lookout points on the rocks and mazes or famous pilgrimage sites. You can take a cable car up to the modern television transmitter on Ještěd or set out for the highest mountain in the Krkonoše Mountains and in the Czech Republic Sněžka (1,602 m). You can also set out on a trip to the source of the Elbe and to visit some of the waterfalls in the Krkonoše Mountains.
Four UNESCO monuments rank among the most attractive locations: the chateau and gardens in Kroměříž, the Baroque plague column in Olomouc, the Functionalist Villa Tugendhat in Brno and the Lednice-Valtice Complex, the most extensive landscaped countryside in the world. The Moravian Karst with more than a thousand caves and Macocha Abyss are also worth investigating. You will find two regions with unique folklore traditions in Moravia, Moravian Slovakia and Moravian Wallachia. It is also worth visiting the technical monuments in Ostrava and the former empire of the shoemaking company Baťa, the city of Zlín.
Spring is usually cooler, the temperature from early March to late May ranges around 10°C on average. In these months, the rainfall/snowfall in the Czech Republic averages about 161 mm. From March to May you can bask in over 470 hours of sunshine.
Summer temperature is about 17°C. However, this also includes mountainous areas! In the towns the temperature in June, July and August may reach as high as 35°C. If you want to cool down, you may want to visit the mountain region.
September, which is still relatively warm, it is referred to as the “Indian summer”. October brings more rain and the average daily temperature falls to 10°C. This is reflected in the leaves falling and changing colour. Late autumn you may see the first ground frosts.
Winter lasts roughly from December to February. Temperatures in towns may drop as low as -20°C, and in the mountains, they range even lower. Recent winters have been milder with temperatures slightly below zero – yet still cold enough to enjoy skiing in various places, such the Krkonoše Mountains, cross-country skiing for example in Šumava or just taking a romantic walk through snow-covered Prague.
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